Communities surrounding the South Luangwa National Park often face huge losses due to elephant conflicts. As the human population increases in the Luangwa Valley due to the booming development of the area, conflicts including crop raiding and property damage are also increasing. A lack of a land use plan in the game management areas (GMA’s) also means that development is uncontrolled with farms and infrastructure popping up everywhere. CSL tries to mitigate this in partnership with Awely and WWF using a variety of methods involving chilli blasting, elephant restraining fences, trial conflict free zones, watch towers and elephant safe grain stores. While the problem is gigantic, efforts to reduce it have been somewhat effective.