Communities surrounding the South Luangwa National Park often face huge losses due to elephant conflicts. As the human population increases in the Luangwa Valley due to the booming development of the area, conflicts including crop raiding, property damage and livestock predation are also increasing. A lack of a land use plan in the game management areas (GMAs) means that development is uncontrolled with farms and infrastructure popping up everywhere. CSL tries to mitigate this using a variety of methods involving chilli blasting, elephant restraining fences, trial conflict free zones, watch towers and elephant safe grain stores. The use of local radio to educate communities living in close proximity to wildlife is a new initiative. While the HWC problem is gigantic, efforts to reduce it have been somewhat effective.
CSL HWC mitigation work is funded by WWF, IUCN-SOS, Lion Recovery Fund, Zambian Carnivore Programme, The High Five Club and Flatdogs Camp